Viagra interaction: Alcohol, Medications, and others.

Viagra interaction: Alcohol, Medications, and others.
Published : Feb 25, 2024
Last Updated : Mar 11, 2024

ED, also known as impotence, has been proven to be found in one-third of men today. What all people try to treat it is medication. Among various, one popular one is Viagra. Have you thought of the medicines and other things that interact with them? No.

But it interacts with alcohol, certain medications, certain diseases, food, and more, leading to side effects. So, if you are consuming it, make sure to know its interaction well. Read on to know more.

Overview of Viagra and possible interactions

Viagra is a brand-name version of Sildenafil. It is primarily used to treat ED problems in men. It belongs to a group of PDE5 inhibitors. Hence, it works by widening the blood vessels and increasing the blood flow, which leads to a hard erection.

It is taken before 30 minutes of sexual activity when needed. When your doctor prescribes that you take it, they will check your medical history and the medications you are consuming. Still, you must know about the things that interact and avoid them.

Interaction with alcohol

If you drink alcohol within a specific limit, there won't be any effect on Viagra. But if you take alcohol on a high dose regularly, it can worsen the impact by decreasing the blood flow. Also, it can lower the blood pressure.

It has been seen that red wine doesn't have an impact on ED medication. But if you consume alcohol, it would be better to inform the doctor about the quantity honestly.

Interaction with supplements   

Supplement reaction with Viagra depends on your health condition. So, if you take any supplements, make sure to inform your doctor about them. This will help you avoid interactions.

Interaction with herbs

Herbal supplements may make Sildenafil less effective than it is. So, inform the doctor about the herbs you are consuming. They will adjust the dosage to get the best results.

Interaction with vitamins

There is no reaction to taking vitamins and Viagra together. Yet, it's best to let your doctor know which vitamin you are taking.

Interaction with Cannabis

Any Cannabis or its product reacts with these pills. The main component, Tetrahydrocannabinol, increases the level of Viagra in the body. As a result, it can cause side effects such as lowering blood pressure. Inform the doctor if you take marijuana to avoid its impact.

Drug Interactions for Viagra

Viagra interactions include certain drug interactions, whether they are over-the-counter or prescription drugs. So, if you are taking any of them, let your doctor know. Below mentioned are some of its interactions.

Nitrates

Nitrates like Nitroglycerin, isosorbide dinitrate, and many more that are used to treat angina and chest pain can react with these medicines. It can cause low blood pressure, resulting in dizziness, heart attacks, and more.

Alpha-blockers

Alpha-blockers are blood pressure medications and are available under names like Terazosin and Tamsulosin. Using these blood pressure drugs along with Viagra can cause extreme drops in blood pressure levels. The risks are similar to when you take nitrates with Viagra. So, make sure to inform your doctor if you are taking any other medications used to treat high blood pressure problems. ACE inhibitors are other drugs medicines used to treat high blood pressure, and you should not take Viagra.

Antifungal medications

Taking antifungal medicines such as Ketoconazole, Itraconazole, and more with Viagra can cause side effects in the body. It can increase the blood levels, which can worsen your health.

Antibiotics

Any antibiotics, be of higher or lower doses, react with ED medicines. Antibiotics such as Clarithromycin, Erythromycin, and others, when taken with them, increase the blood levels, causing severe risks.

Protease Inhibitors

These are medications that are used to treat HIV or AIDS. When any protease inhibitors like Saquinavir, Ritonavir, or others are taken with Viagra, it causes specific side effects. It can lead to prolonged erections, vision changes, and more.

Soluble guanylate cyclase(sGC) stimulators

Soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators, such as riociguat, help to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. Also, it helps to manage conditions like chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension(high blood pressure problems). These drugs enhance (cGMP) levels, leading to vasodilation and improved blood flow in the pulmonary vasculature. But using these drugs with Viagra(Sildenafil), which fluctuates blood pressure, can cause a severe drop in blood pressure.

Erectile dysfunction medications

When you are already taking Viagra, avoid taking any other ED medication with it, such as Cialis, Vardenafil, etc. It can cause long-lasting erections and other side effects.

Viagra Interaction with Medical Conditions

Using Viagra under certain medical conditions can be unsafe. You must inform your doctor about your medical history before starting Viagra treatment. It may be unsafe to use during:

  • Heart-related conditions like heart attack, stroke or heart failure

  • Retinitis pigmentosa

  • Blood cell problems such as Sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma

  • Pulmonary Veno occlusive disease

  • Active Stomach ulcer

  • Severe liver disease

  • Allergic reaction to Sildenafil

  • Kidney disease

  • Peyronie's disease

Viagra Interactions with food items

Many people have questions like does Viagra interact with any food items? The short answer is yes; grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with Viagra. It increases the blood levels in a person's body, which can cause severe side effects. Still, if you want to take grapefruit, inform your doctor. They will lower your dosage. Also, it is recommended to eat light and low-fat meals when you are taking it.

How to manage Viagra and its interaction?

To manage its interactions, follow the points listed below.

Inform healthcare provider

When your doctor prescribes you Viagra, make sure to inform all your diseases to them. Also, let them know about other drugs, supplements, and vitamins you are consuming. Also, tell them about alcohol consumption honestly. They will advise you on the best dosage to avoid worsening effects.

Follow instructions

Always follow the doctor's instructions and do as directed. Don't opt for the things you are restricted to. Avoid changing time, dosage, etc, yourself without consulting.

Look for side effects.

When you are consuming ED medicines, make sure to monitor what changes you are facing. If you see any severe changes, inform your healthcare provider immediately.

Conclusion 

Interaction of Viagra with other things such as alcohol, food, medication, and others can worsen your health. Some interactions might cause a sudden decrease in blood pressure, which can be dangerous. Not only this, but it also decreases the effectiveness of the drug.

Hence, always inform the doctor honestly of all things to avoid unnecessary interactions. Be safe while you are using ED medication.