Dark spots on the skin: Causes, treatment and remedies

Dark spots on the skin: Causes, treatment and remedies
Published : Apr 25, 2024
Last Updated : Apr 30, 2024

Dark spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, is a common skin disorder that can affect anyone. Whether caused by hormonal changes, sun exposure, or aging, dark spots can reduce your skin's natural glow. 

So, are you worried about your dark spots and want to eliminate them? If so, then this blog can help you. Nowadays, there are several effective ways to manage and prevent dark spots, which can offer glowing and even-toned skin. 

What are Dark Spots?

Dark spots are areas of pigmentation that form on the skin. They appear when melanin, the pigment that controls the color of the skin, begins to overproduce. 

This further results in a patch of skin that is darker than the surrounding skin. Although dark spots on the face are prevalent, some people also experience them on other parts of the body.

Common Areas for Dark Spots

Dark spots can appear on various parts of the body due to factors such as hormonal changes, sun exposure, skin trauma, and aging. 

Here are some common areas where most people experience dark spots:


Dark spots on the face are prevalent due to the face's high exposure to sunlight and the soft nature of the skin. When it comes to your face, uneven skin tone, dark spots, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and hormonal changes are responsible.  


The delicate skin of the chest is often exposed to the sun, making it prone to dark spot problems. Low-cut clothing and increased effects of sun exposure for a long time lead to dark spots in this area. 


It is essential to know that hands are often exposed to environmental attackers such as pollutants and UV rays. The skin on your hands is thinner than other body parts, which makes it more liable to hyperpigmentation from age spots and sun spots.


The skin on your back is more sensitive to friction, clothing, and environmental factors, which make it prone to acne and skin trauma. As a result, it leads to the development of dark spots and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. 

Know The Causes of Dark Spots on Your Skin

Knowing the cause of dark spots on your skin is essential, as this will help you understand how to avoid them effectively. Though some causes can be unavoidable, it is still necessary to know why you have developed them so that you can deal with dark spots. 

Some common causes of dark spots on the skin include:

Exposure to sunlight 

Sun and tanning beds are the major causes of dark spots. Hyperpigmentation generally occurs during middle age when the skin begins to show the results of sun exposure.  

This is more likely to happen if you do not consistently use effective sunscreen and other sun-protective measures. People with light hair or skin are more likely to experience dark spots due to sunlight exposure. 

Hormonal changes 

Hormonal changes can also contribute to your dark spot development. Some conditions, such as melasma, occur due to hormonal imbalances, causing patches of hyperpigmentation and dark spots on your skin. 


As you age, your skin's natural processes might become less efficient, such as the distribution of melanin. This can lead to a buildup of pigmentation in certain areas and dark brown to black spots. 

Side effects of medicines

Certain medicines, like estrogen and tetracyclines, can cause dark spots on your skin. These medications make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.

What is the Treatment of Dark Spots?

Dark spots on your skin do not require any treatment, but some people wish to remove their dark spots for various cosmetic reasons. 

Below-stated are some treatment options for dark spots:


During the microdermabrasion treatment, a dermatologist uses a particular device with an abrasive surface to eliminate the top layer of your skin. This treatment further promotes the growth of new collagen and reduces dark spots. 

Chemical peels 

During chemical peels, a chemical solution is used to remove the outer layer of your skin. This promotes the growth of new skin, and the appearance of dark spots is reduced. 

Prescription skin-lightening cream 

Some prescription skin-lightening creams work by bleaching your skin. These topical creams involve a lightening agent like hydroquinone, which prevents skin from producing excess melanin and treats dark spots. Reducing the appearance of dark spots can take several months. 

Home remedies

Some natural remedies, such as green tea extract, lemon juice, and aloe vera, can help lighten dark spots when applied directly to the skin. Make sure to do a patch test first to avoid skin irritation. 


Therefore, dark spots are a common skin disorder that can be managed efficiently by following a proper skincare routine. Make sure to use adequate sunscreen to shield your skin from harmful UV rays. Before using any medicines, consult a dermatologist first to deal with severe dark spots on the skin.